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Fool in the rain

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Chemtrail Central > The Neutral Zone

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theseeker





Joined: 25 Jul 2000
Posts: 3403
Location: Damnit...I'm a doctor jim
Fool in the rain PostThu Oct 04, 2001 10:06 am  Reply with quote  

Found via MSN search "aerosol chemical biological vaccine shield"....

I would like to preface this by saying the last paragraph in this article can mean a number of things...nothing more....I certainly do not consider it a daily planned effort to test and deploy or decontaminate or both biological weapons via aerosol spraying over our skies.

When it is said that "they are doing studies" does not necessarily mean actual physical deployment of (insitu) studies and tests...

When it is said "is there anything left to
decontaminate?" does that mean that the biologicals do not survive, or they disperse so rapidly, and would require such large amounts that they would be religated to the point of ineffectiveness that the threat to humans would not exist...

When it is said "Does the flight line have to be decontaminated?" does that mean that the state of aerosol particles is inpurvious to gravity and stays pretty much where it was delivered....

Certainly work has been done to protect us from the threat of chemical biological weapons....and that's a good thing...


Full version with graphics


Defending Against Invisible Killers -- Biological Agents


By Linda D. Kozaryn

American Forces Press Service


[For the full web version (with graphics and related sites), go
to ]www.defenselink.mil/specials/chembio/.]

WASHINGTON -- You can't see, smell or taste them, so how do you
fight biological agents?

The military has geared up defenses against these invisible
killers since the threat of biological weapons became a reality
during Operation Desert Storm. Since then, the military has
fielded new protection equipment and detection systems, and more
counter measures are in the works.

Still, many people don't understand the nature of biological
agents, how they would be deployed or how to protect themselves,
according to Col. John V. Wade, an Army medical department
officer who has specialized in the chemical-biological warfare
field for the past 16 years.

During Desert Storm, Wade served as Army Gen. Norman
Schwarzkopf's medical chemical-biological warfare adviser. On
Oct. 1, 1998, he became deputy for counterproliferation and
chemical and biological defense to the director of defense
research and engineering and the undersecretary of defense for
acquisition and technology.

Biological warfare encompasses a mixed bag of bacterial agents,
viruses and toxins, Wade explained. Lumping all biological
warfare agents together as a class is almost as dangerous as
comparing biological and chemical agents directly, because they
can be very different, he said. Depending on the situation, some
are contagious, others are not.

"If you and I in this room are exposed to these agents,
unprotected, we're in trouble," Wade said. "But when we leave
the room, we may not necessarily 'spread it' in a contagious
sense, unless some of the agent remains on our clothing and is
physically transferred to someone else."

Usually, people think of biological agents as an aerosol threat,
according to the Pentagon expert.

"Think of that as taking a liquid in an atomizer and putting it
out in very, very small microdroplets. Aerosols behave a lot
like chemical vapors. There's a lot of water vapor in a room,
but we can't see it, or feel it, or taste it, or touch it.
That's really what we'd have in a biological event."

These deadly "bugs" do have some natural enemies, Wade said.
"Most biological agents don't weather well. There are lots of
things that make it difficult for these biological agents to
exist," he said. "You put them out in ultraviolet light and they
die. They don't like drying out. The same environmental factors
that keep us from having one cold after another will help us out
to some extent in the case of a biological attack."

Wade said biological agents can be dispersed either by what's
known as a "line source" or by a "point source."

Imagine your platoon is dug in at a forward location. Miles
away, an enemy boat sailing along a river or coastline, or
possibly a train traveling a rail line, releases a spray. The
enemy has determined the prevailing wind will carry the disease-
laden aerosol in your direction. This "line source," Wade
pointed out, can cover a sizable piece of geography.

A more commonly envisioned scenario involves a point source, he
said. This is where the enemy launches a missile or other
munition that detonates and spews biological agent directly on
you -- the target.

"Either way, what the enemy is trying to do is take the organism
or the toxin and disperse it into the atmosphere so that the
target troops then inhale it," he said. "That's really the
threat of most of these agents. Just like the common cold, we
get them via inhalation.

"Because the agents are very small particles, they can make it
through our nasal passages -- evading all of the normal
protective measures we have to filter things out -- and get down
to the deep lung area where they then cause disease."

Unlike a chemical agent attack, which would cause an almost
immediate reaction, a biological attack would not cause a
reaction until after an incubation period. "Generally it takes
24, 36, 48 hours before our troops would start showing what
oftentimes are nondescript, flu-like symptoms which then
progress to whatever symptoms the specific agent would normally
cause," Wade said.

So, how do you defend yourself against an attack you don't even
know has happened?

Wade said the best defense comes from using a combination of
immunization and physical protective measures. He pointed to the
anthrax vaccine as a key countermeasure against a biological
warfare attack. Wade, who has already had the entire series of
anthrax shots as well as several annual boosters, said DoD is
working to develop a number of vaccines to protect against other
biological-threat agents.

When vaccines are not available as a biological countermeasure,
Wade said, the answer is "rapid detection, warning, reporting
and masking." He said it is important to note that the
protective mask is "effective against every known biological
agent, including those for which we don't yet have vaccines."

Defense officials are developing and fielding smaller, lighter,
and simpler biological detectors, Wade said. "We have a number
of systems that can now be deployed on the battlefield."

One of these, he said, is the Biological Integrated Detection
System, or BIDS. It's a Humvee-mounted mobile lab suite that can
detect four different agents simultaneously and is manned by a
crew of four. The Army deploys BIDS companies as corps- or
theater-level assets to do bio-detection for all forces.

BIDS are point detectors, Wade noted. "You have to wait for the
cloud to come to the BIDS. We have the same type of system
aboard ships called the Interim Biological Agent Detector, or
IBAD. After detecting what appears to be an unnatural agent, the
systems first provide a warning, then determine specifically
what the biological agent is.

"The individual doesn't need to know immediately whether it is
anthrax or plague," Wade said. "They simply need to put on
protective equipment. As a command, we'd need to know what agent
it was so that if there are specific medical countermeasures, we
can start immediately to protect those who didn't get their
masks on soon enough."

Biological agents are considered "strategic weapons," Wade
noted. "They're not a good tactical weapon. So if someone is
going to use them, we want our detection arrayed out in front
of, or dispersed throughout, troop locations to give us early
warning."

Defense officials also have developed (acquired) a long-range
biological detector, Wade said. It's a laser-scanning instrument
mounted on a Black Hawk helicopter that can look out about 50
kilometers. "It can't identify specific agents, but it's looking
for that telltale, cigar-shaped plume that comes from someone
laying down a line source," he said.

"If we can see it 50 kilometers off, that gives us a tremendous
amount of time either to prepare for it coming our way, or to go
out and sample that cloud," Wade continued. "In the future,
we'll have detectors that are light enough and small enough to
go on an unmanned drone vehicle that will fly through the cloud,
find out what it is and report back."

Wade calls the military's "Portal Shield" device one of its
biggest successes since the Gulf War. This system, deployed in
the Persian Gulf region in February 1998 during Operation Desert
Thunder, is about two-thirds the size of a typical office desk.
It's fully modular, self-contained and can detect eight
different agents.

"The beauty of this device is that it's a network sensor," Wade
said. Depending on the geography, as many as 18 sensors may be
arrayed around a port or an airfield. The sensors talk to one
another, he said, so you're not relying on just one of them
sounding an alarm.

Using sensor arrays, the false positive rate very quickly gets
down to zero, Wade noted. In Bahrain, U.S. forces have run more
than 3,000 tests during round-the-clock monitoring by the Portal
Shield deployed there. The false positive rate was less than one
half of 1 percent, he said.

Defense officials are also developing more user- and
environment-friendly decontaminates. "We're working on improved
technologies which are easier on us, as well as sensitive
equipment such as electronics, while still being effective in
eliminating the agents," Wade said.

"The equipment and materials we have for decontamination right
now are pretty sturdy," he continued. "Super tropical bleach is
almost as hazardous in terms of being a caustic to human skin as
some of the biological agents themselves are. You sure want to
have your gloves and all your protective equipment on if you're
involved in using it."

Defense officials are also evaluating what actually needs to be
decontaminated after a biological attack, Wade added. "When we
were maneuver-oriented, we always said we'd avoid contamination.
We'd go around it, or button up and go through it. We sure
weren't going to stop and live there."

But if you can't move because you're stationed at a port or
airport, Wade said, defense officials need to know what key
areas need to be decontaminated.

"We're doing studies to see if you take a plane up to 30,000
feet and fly it at 600 to 700 knots, is there anything left to
decontaminate?" he said. "Does the flight line have to be
decontaminated? What happens when a hazardous material oozes
into concrete? We're doing studies now to answer the questions,
'How clean is clean?' and 'What has to be cleaned for us to be
able to continue our mission?

*******************************

T/S


[Edited 2 times, lastly by theseeker on 10-04-2001]
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Chem11





Joined: 21 Apr 2001
Posts: 1386
PostThu Oct 04, 2001 10:39 am  Reply with quote  

Excellent find T/S! A couple things that caught my eye:

"Defense officials also have developed (acquired) a long-range
biological detector, Wade said. It's a laser-scanning instrument
mounted on a Black Hawk helicopter that can look out about 50
kilometers. "It can't identify specific agents, but it's looking
for that telltale, cigar-shaped plume that comes from someone
laying down a line source,"

"Generally it takes
24, 36, 48 hours before our troops would start showing what
oftentimes are nondescript, flu-like symptoms..."

[Edited 1 times, lastly by Chem11 on 10-04-2001]
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3T3L1





Joined: 08 Mar 2001
Posts: 1344
Location: Lubbock, Texas
PostThu Oct 04, 2001 3:35 pm  Reply with quote  

I also noticed that they have the same problem we do with remote detection--they can't determine composition of the plume unless they're inside the plume:

quote:

One of these, he said, is the Biological Integrated Detection System, or BIDS. It's a Humvee-mounted mobile lab suite that can detect four different agents simultaneously and is manned by a crew of four.... BIDS are point detectors, Wade noted. "You have to wait for the cloud to come to the BIDS..."
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